The Effect of estrogen hormone of the recovery of female with COVID-19
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease that attacks the respiratory tract and it is known that the female sex shows a higher cure rate than men due to hormonal influences, namely the hormone estrogen. This research aims to conduct a systematic review of the results of the latest research on the effect of the hormone estrogen on the recovery of female with COVID-19. The article search found 1373 articles from 4 electronic databases, namely PubMed, Research Gate, Science Direct, and Google Scholar which were published in 2020-2021 using keywords and the boolean operator AND. Then the articles were selected using the PRISMA Flow Diagram instrument so that 11 articles were obtained that met the inclusion criteria. The eleven articles were then analyzed to assess the quality of the articles using The Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) instrument. An article that deserves a review if it gets a score of more than 50%. After analyzing the assessment with JBI, 11 articles were declared eligible for review because them get a score of more than 50%. Seven of the 11 articles stated that the hormone estrogen had a significant effect on healing COVID-19, especially in female. Four other articles stated that the hormone estrogen had no significant effect on the recovery of women with COVID-19 due to several influencing factors including age, Body Mass Index (BMI), comorbid diseases, and smoking habits. The hormone estrogen affects the recovery of female with COVID-19 especially in young female, normal BMI, no comorbid, and not smoking. It is necessary to carry out a further literature review on the effect of the hormone estrogen on healing COVID-19 in female by taking into account the number of samples, sample criteria, and measurement of estrogen hormone levels.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Mafatihul Inayah
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlikel 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).