The Relationship Between Physical Activity And Sleep Quality With Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) In Female Students




Physical Activity, Sleep Quality, Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)


Young women who have menstruation may experience premenstrual syndrome (PMS) which will affect their quality of life. Premenstrual syndrome experienced can be bad for adolescents if not treated early. Therefore, teenagers are expected to be able to manage themselves as well as possible to avoid these problems. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between physical activity and sleep quality with the incidence of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). This research is an observational analytical study that is cross-sectional. Sampling using the slovin sample size formula, the sample was taken with a simple random sampling technique with a sample size of at least 39. The independent variables are physical activity and sleep quality, while the dependent variables are the incidence of Premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Data collection used the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and The Shortened Premenstrual Assessment From (SPAF). To analyze the relationship, a spearman rank test with a meaningfulness level or error limit is used, namely p≤0.05.  The results showed that most female students had moderate physical activity as many as 33 female students. Then it can be known that most experienced moderate sleep quality as many as 17 female college students. The results of the Spearman test ranked the relationship between physical activity and Premenstrual Syndrome p value = 0.326 so that Ho was accepted and the relationship of sleep quality with Premenstrual Syndrome p value = 0.044, so Ho was rejected. Based on the description above, it can be concluded that there is no significant relationship between physical activity and premenstrual syndrome but there is a significant relationship between sleep quality and premenstrual syndrome in level 3 female students of the Diii Obstetrics Study Program, Magetan Campus. It is hoped that female students can increase their knowledge in managing themselves from an early age so that Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) does not occur.


Download data is not yet available.


N. Saadah, Communication And Counseling : Bagi Dosen &Mahasiswa Keperawatan dan Kebidanan. Jakarta: EGC, 2019.

A. Sarkar, R. Mandal, and S. Ghorai, “Premenstrual syndrome among adolescent girl students in a rural school of West Bengal, India,” Int. J. Med. Sci. Public Heal., 2016, doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.2407201566.

M. P. Kristy, “Relationship between physicaly activity anddepression with the incidence of premenstrual syndrome. SMAN 1 Jambi City,” 2017.

I. Ratikasari, “Factor Associated with the incidence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in 112 Jakarta Senior Hight School Student in 2015,” 2015.

M. Link, “Premenstrual syndrome (PMS),” in Encyclopedia of Endocrine Diseases, 2018.

K. Estiani and T. S. Nindya, “Relationship between nutrition status and magnesium intake with the incidence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in adolecent girls,” Nutrition media Indones., 2018, doi: 10.20473/mgi.v13i1.20-26.

N. A. F. N. Eza Yusnella, Rize Budi Amalia, “The relationship of Physicaly Activity With Premenstrual Syndrome During the Covid- 19 Pandemic,” J. Kesehat. MERCUSUAR, vol. Vol. 5 No., 2022.

Y. Komada, Y. Ikeda, M. Sato, A. Kami, C. Masuda, and S. Shibata, “Social jetlag and menstrual symptoms among female university students,” Chronobiol. Int., 2019, doi: 10.1080/07420528.2018.1533561.

F. C. Baker, T. L. Kahan, J. Trinder, and I. M. Colrain, “Sleep quality and the sleep electroencephalogram in women with severe premenstrual syndrome,” Sleep, 2007, doi: 10.1093/sleep/30.10.1283.

H. Rezaee, M. Amidi Mazaheri, and F. Sadrhashemi, “Premenstrual Syndrome and Spousal Social Support among Women in Isfahan City (Iran),” Glob. J. Health Sci., 2016, doi: 10.5539/gjhs.v9n4p233.

A. Daley, “Exercise and premenstrual symptomatology: Acomprehensive review,” Journal of Women’s Health. 2009, doi: 10.1089/jwh.2008.1098.

A. E. Seedhom, E. S. Mohammed, and E. M. Mahfouz, “Life Style Factors Associated with Premenstrual Syndrome among El-Minia University Students, Egypt,” ISRN Public Health, 2013, doi: 10.1155/2013/617123.

M. S. Hashim et al., “Premenstrual syndrome is associated with dietary and lifestyle behaviors among university students: A cross- sectional study from sharjah, UAE,” Nutrients, 2019, doi: 10.3390/nu11081939.

F. C. Baker, I. M. Colrain, and J. Trinder, “Reduced parasympathetic activity during sleep in the symptomatic phase of severe premenstrual syndrome,” J. Psychosom. Res., 2008, doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2008.04.008.

F. Meita, Jogi Tri and Utama, “Factor Associated with PremenstrualSyndrome ( PMS) in Adolesent Girls at SMAN 01 Palembang City,” 2020.

K. Schmelzer, B. Ditzen, C. Weise, G. Andersson, W. Hiller, and M. Kleinstäuber, “Clinical Profiles of Premenstrual Experiences Among Women Having Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS): Affective Changes Predominate and Relate to Social and Occupational Functioning,” Health Care Women Int., 2015, doi: 10.1080/07399332.2014.954701.

E. R. A. Isrowiyatun Daiyah, Ahmad Rizani, “The Relationship between Physicalu activity and body Mass Index (BMI) with the incidence Of Premenstrual Syndrome in Adolecent Girls,” J. Inov. Penelit., vol. Vol 2 No 7, 2021.

L. Dennerstein, P. Lehert, and K. Heinemann, “Global study of women’s experiences of premenstrual symptoms and their effects on daily life,” Menopause Int., 2011, doi: 10.1258/mi.2011.011027.

T. Takeda, Y. Imoto, H. Nagasawa, M. Muroya, and M. Shiina, “Premenstrual Syndrome and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder in Japanese Collegiate Athletes,” J. Pediatr. Adolesc. Gynecol., 2015, International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology Multidisciplinary : Rapid Review : Open Access Journal e-ISSN:2808-6422; p-ISSN:2829-3037 Vol. 2 No. 5, October 2022, pp:329-334 Homepage: 334doi: 10.1016/j.jpag.2014.07.006.

N. Nisar, N. Zehra, G. Haider, A. A. Munir, and N. A. Sohoo, “Frequency, intensity and impact of premenstrual syndrome in medical students,” J. Coll. Physicians Surg. Pakistan, 2008, doi: 08.2008/JCPSP.48148484.

R. Hasan and D. Susanti, “The Relationship of Physical Activity with Premenstrual Syndrome in Junior Hight School Student 3 Gamping Sleman Yogyakarta,” J. Ilm. Kesehat., 2020.

D. Choi, D. Y. Lee, P. Lehert, I. S. Lee, S. H. Kim, and L. Dennerstein, “The impact of premenstrual symptoms on activities of daily life in Korean women,” J. Psychosom. Obstet. Gynecol., 2010, doi: 10.3109/01674820903573920.

T. S.-Y., “Effect of yoga exercise on premenstrual symptoms among female employees in Taiwan,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016.

S. Y. Tsai, “Effect of yoga exercise on premenstrual symptoms among female employees in Taiwan,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 2016, doi: 10.3390/ijerph13070721.

M. K. B. Lustyk, L. Widman, A. Paschane, and E. Ecker, “Stress, quality of life and physical activity in women with varying degrees of premenstrual symptomatology,” Women Heal., 2004, doi: 10.1300/J013v39n03_03.

L. Lisnawati, “Exercise and Sleep Patterns Are Associated with the Incidence of Premenstrual Syndrome,” Care J. Ilm. Ilmu Kesehat., 2017, doi: 10.33366/cr.v5i2.568.

L. K. R. Puji, N. A. Ismaya, T. O. Ratnaningtyas, N. Hasanah, and N. Fitriah, “The Relationship between Physical Activity, stress and sleep patterns with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in D3 Pharmacy Student of Stikes Kharisma Persada Study Program,” Edu Dharma J. J. Penelit. dan Pengabdi. Masy., 2021, doi: 10.52031/edj.v5i1.90.

E. S. Haghighi, M. K. Jahromi, and F. D. Osh, “Relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness, habitual physical activity, body mass index and premenstrual symptoms in collegiate students,” J. Sports Med. Phys. Fitness, 2015.

Z. F. M. Nicolau et al., “Premenstrual syndrome and sleep disturbances: Results from the Sao Paulo Epidemiologic Sleep Study,” Psychiatry Res., 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2018.04.008.

C. Sadler et al., “Lifestyle factors, hormonal contraception, and premenstrual symptoms: The United Kingdom Southampton women’s survey,” J. Women’s Heal., 2010, doi: 10.1089/jwh.2008.1210.

R. J. Kirkby, “Changes in premenstrual symptoms and irrational thinking following cognitive-behavioral coping skills training.,” J. Consult. Clin. Psychol., 1994, doi: 10.1037/0022-006x.62.5.1026.

R. J. Kirkby, “Changes in Premenstrual Symptoms and Irrational Thinking Following Cognitive-Behavioral Coping Skills Training,”J. Consult. Clin. Psychol., 1994, doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.62.5.1026.

T. R. Hylan, K. Sundell, and R. Judge, “The impact of premenstrual symptomatology on functioning and treatment-seeking behavior: Experience from the United States, United Kingdom, and France,” J. Women’s Heal. Gender-Based Med., 1999, doi: 10.1089/jwh.1.1999.8.1043.

T. W. Strine, D. P. Chapman, and I. B. Ahluwalia, “Menstrual-related problems and psychological distress among women in the United States,” J. Women’s Heal., 2005, doi: 10.1089/jwh.2005.14.316.




How to Cite

A. A. Rindani, N. Saadah, T. P. . Rahayu, and B. J. Santosa, “The Relationship Between Physical Activity And Sleep Quality With Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) In Female Students”, International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 329–334, Oct. 2022.



Health Science

Most read articles by the same author(s)